Rules of registration and maintenance of Internet domain names directly under the public domains
General rules of registration
1. General part
1.1 Registry organization: The registry organization is the Council of Internet Service Providers (IszT) that works as an association, and its members are Hungarian Internet service providers.
The registry organization determines the set of Hungarian public domains, it forms the Registration Rules and supervises the registration under these domains. The registry organization always considers the current legal requirements related to the subject, especially the relevant laws, public administration orders and resolutions as well as court orders with legal force, while generally regulating the registration and making individual decisions. The registry organization reserves the right for modifying its regulations and course of action any time and for adjusting them to new requirements.
The registry organization, within the limits determined in the Rules, warranties that the names registered directly under the public domains as Internet domain names will remain and may be used without time restrictions, as long as the Registrant meets the requirements of the Rules.
1.2 Public domain: The .hu first-level domain and the second-level domains. The current list of second-level public domains is available on the WWW server of the registry organization. Present Rules covers only the registration of Internet domain names directly under the public domains.
1.3 Registrar: An Internet service provider, who is a member of the Council of Internet Service Providers, and to whom the registry organization have delegated the administration related to the registration and maintenance of names as well as the task of contact-keeping with the Registrants. Registrants may apply to any of the Registrars.
1.4 Registrant: natural person or legal entity that is applying for the registration and maintenance of an Internet domain name directly under a public domain.
1.5 Rules: Present Rules that applies to all Registrants and Registrars. Registrars may apply business rules more detailed and more comprehensive than present Rules, but regulations conflicting with the Rules are not allowed to use.
1.6 Application form: Registrants should accurately and truly (correctly in the respect of form and content) fill in an Application form, especially its "required" fields. The Application form should be signed by the natural person or, in the case of an organization, by the responsible leader of the organization who has authority to sign it. The completed original, authentic Application form should be submitted to the Registrar. Blank copies of the Application form can be obtained from any of the Registrars or may be downloaded from the network, free of charge.
1.7 Administrative contact person: the Administrative contact person indicated in the Application form is authorised to act on behalf of the Registrant in issues connected with the registration and use of the name and the network, which include but are not restricted to the modification and updating of the name and other data in the register. Every official notice for the Registrant should be sent to the postal address of the administrative contact indicated in the Application form, in a registered letter. A new administrative contact person can be appointed only by submitting a new Application form signed by the original Registrant: a natural person or by the responsible leader of an organization who has authority to sign.
1.8 Special names: Special names connected with the Internet (i.e. arpa,
edu, ac, gov, mil, net, org, or, com, co, ind, pp, priv, info, biz, iskola,
ftp, www, ns, dns, mx, int, tm, nui, firm, store, web, arts, rec, nom),
which are usually reserved, and the registry organization may agree to
their assignment only upon an individual decision. The current list of
special names can be found on the WWW server of the registry organization.
2 Formal rules of choosing a name
2.1 The name should contain at least 2 characters and no more than 24. A name different from this may be registered only in an especially good cause and according to an individual decision of the registry organization. Names containing at least 5 but maximum 10 characters are recommended.
2.2 The following characters can be used in a name:
a) lower case letters of the Latin ABC (a-z) without accent marks,
b) numbers (0-9)
c) hyphen (-).
2.3 The first and last characters of a name can be only a letter or a number.
2.4 The use of names beginning with a numerical character is not recommended
in RFC 1035, therefor the registry organization refuses to accept the responsibility
for their operability and for any damages derived from their use.
3 Criteria concerning the operability of the domain
3.1 The following services (machines) regarding to the domain with the applied name should be operating, have a permanent connection and should be continually accessible through the Internet by the time the application is submitted and onward:
a) at least two domain name servers (primary and secondary), those give authoritative answer to the requests arriving at the TCP and UDP ports number 53,
b) at least one mail server which is able to handle the electronic messages addressed to the name to be registered (it should especially be able to receive messages arriving at the addresses like email@example.com) and is able to send standard-format messages those meet the RFC-822 requirements.
3.2 The network connectivity and power supply of the primary and secondary name servers should be independent from each other.
3.3 The SOA record of the zone should be syntactically correct.
3.4 So as to meet the criteria concerning the operability of the domain,
Registrants should ask their Internet access provider for advice and information,
and should consult their demands with the provider.
4 Rejection of the registration
4.1 A Registrar or the registry organization may reject the application for registration. The reasons for that include, but are not restricted to the following:
a) a court order with legal force, a law, rule, or public administration decision orders so
b) the Registrant does not meet the requirements of the Rules,
c) the concrete name applied is unacceptable.
4.2 Registrant may request the Registrar that the application be reviewed by the Registration Committee. The Committee's decision is based on the vote of its members.
4.3 Registrars may give advice and help to Registrants, so that they
will be able to meet the requirements.
5 Protection of the name
5.1 One name cannot belong to more than one Registrant that means one particular name can be registered only for one Registrant.
5.2 Registrants may renounce the name they had registered and used, any time. In this case the name is reverted to the registry organization. Registrants are not allowed to transfer the name to anyone else.
5.3 A name can be applied only for immediate use, it is not allowed to reserve a name in advance (e.g. until the requirements of the Rules are met).
5.4 Names should be registered on a first come, first served basis. From that time onward the name belongs to the first Registrant, except from the following cases:
a) the Registrant's application for the name was rejected or
b) the name was revoked from the Registrant.
In these exceptional cases the name should be registered for the secondly applied Registrant, provided that it meets the registration requirements.
5.5 The time of application is the date when the Registrar receives
the application form, applying for a given name, from the Registrant.
6 Cancellation of the name's maintenance
6.1 A Registrar may without restriction decide to cancel the maintenance of a name, at the same time the Registrant may apply to any of the other Registrars for the sake of the name's maintenance.
6.2 If the Registrar decides to cancel the maintenance of a name, it
should inform both the administrative contact person of the Registrant
and the registry organization at the same time, in writing. The Registrant
will have 60 days to make an agreement on the name's maintenance with one
of the other Registrars. The registry organization warranties that during
this patience time the name will remain usable and the Registrant may use
it according to legal continuity. If the Registrant does not make an agreement
on the maintenance with one of the Registrars within 60 days after receiving
the cancellation, the registry organization revokes the name.
7 Revocation of a registered name
7.1 Only the registry organization may revoke a name. If the reason for the revocation is not a cancellation (on which the Registrar informs the Registrant), the registry organization should inform the administrative contact person of the Registrant about the decision, in writing, 60 days before the revocation is carried out.
7.2 The registry organization revokes the registered name, if
a) the Registrant does not make an agreement on the name's maintenance with any of the Registrars within 60 days,
b) in spite of a notice, the Registrant still does not meet the requirements of the current Rules when the 60 days have passed,
c) the data submitted by the Registrant at the time of application, were not true and they had influenced the judgement of the application,
d) a court order with legal force, a law, decision or administrative order obliges the registry organization to revoke the name,
e) the Registrant renounces the name,
f) no parties are interested in the maintenance of the name (e.g. because the organization was liquidated),
g) the Registrant had applied to the name with the aim of transferring it,
h) the use of the name causes technical disturbances in the operation of the Internet,
7.3 If the name was revoked because of the Registrant organization's
liquidation, the legal successor of the organization may, upon request,
use the name for a 6-month patience period for the sake of a smooth switchover.
8 Fees to be paid to Registrars
8.1 So that to cover the costs of registration, Registrars may apply a one-time registration fee for the registration and a regular charge for the maintenance of a name. Registrars fix prices unimpeded and independently from each other and they must make their tariffs public.
8.2 It is a common interest that data in the register be accurate and
up-to-date, so the registration fee should cover also the costs of modification
and update of the data indicated in the Application form, and Registrars
are not allowed to apply extra charges for that purpose.
9 Other rules
9.1 The registry organization and Registrars refuse any kind of legal dispute regarding the use of a name: Registrants are responsible for the registration and use of a name. If a Registrant uses a name illegally, an interested third party may act only against the Registrant for the sake of renouncement of the name.
9.2 The registry organization and Registrars reserve the right for handling any information submitted to them as public, according to the registration conventions of the Internet.
9.3 The administrative contact person appointed by the Registrant should have a postal address in Hungary and should be able to communicate in Hungarian.
9.4 The Registrant should submit the Application form, accurately completed and signed with an authorised signature, to the Registrar.
9.5 With the submission of the Registration form, the Registrant declares that
a) it is responsible for the application for and use of the particular name, and it indemnifies the registry organization from any costs deriving from a possible legal dispute connected with the use of the name,
b) the use of the name (character combination) by the Registrant, to the best of its knowledge, does not infringe the rights of any third party, and in case it discovers such an infringement, it will renounce the name or will apply for its modification,
c) it knows the Registration Rules and accepts the decision and regulation
of the registry organization.
10 Temporary measures
10.1 So as to most of the names registered before the issuing of present Rules can step by step meet its requirements, any applications for modification of a name should be fulfilled only if the Registrant sees to it that the name meets the requirements of present Rules.
10.2 Registrars are obliged to additionally obtain, until 31 December 1999, the taxation number of those Registrants belonging to them who got names directly under .hu, or in case Registrants do not have a taxation number, their official registration number. Registrars should add these data to a common database maintained by ISzT (presently under construction).
10.3 Present Rules are in force from 24.00 on 3 May 1999.
Special rules of registration directly under the hu TLD
11 Criteria concerning Registrants
11.1 Names directly under the .hu TLD - except for those based on a trademark, registered by the Hungarians Patent Office - can be obtained only by organizations or private entrepreneurs officially registered or added to the company register or to other equivalent official register in Hungary, with Hungarian headquarters.
Names may be obtained by the following:
a) legal entity established by a state or local authority organization as well as by a church,
b) legal entity or organization without legal entity registered by a company court, county court or local authority,
c) private entrepreneur, or
d) registrant of a trademark at the Hungarian Patent Office (regardless of whether domestic, or foreign, private or legal entity).
(Examples: simple partnership - Kkt, Bt -, enterprise co-operative, joint venture, syndicate, limited liability company - Kft. -, joint-stock company - Rt -, private company, co-operative, state enterprise, foundation, church, association etc.)
11.2 Registrants should submit a copy of the certificate of official registration in Hungary to the Registrar.
11.3 Registrants should indicate their taxation number or, if they do
not have one, their official registration number in the Application form.
12 Rules applying to the content of names
12.1 The applied name should be connected with the Registrant. Registrants should submit a copy of the relevant certificate to the Registrar.
12.2 The following names may be registered for the Registrants entitled by clauses 11.1.a) - b) of the Rules:
a) full or abbreviated name of the Registrant, registered in Hungary (in Hungarian, in English or, for good cause, in another foreign language strictly connected with the Registrant);
b) an abbreviation derived from the denomination described in clause a): an acronym put together from initials, a word or words mostly indicating uniquity;
c) denominations described in clause a) and b) can be appended by a number and/or registered operational form and/or registered geographical area of the Registrant (geographical area can be appended only with dash mark).
12.3 The following names may be registered for the Registrants entitled by clauses 11.1.a) - c) of the Rules:
a) a trademark, as a series of characters (word, words), registered by the Hungarian Patent Office for the Registrant, as trademark owner;
b) a trademark as a series of characters (word, words), registered by the Hungarian Patent Office, in case the Registrant can present a written authorisation from the trademark owner, stating that the trademark may be registered as a domain name for the Registrant;
c) name of a publicly distributed printed matter that is officially registered in the Registrant's name in Hungary, and is qualified by the press law as a periodical;
d) name of a radio or television station officially registered by the National Radio and Television Corporation, in the Registrant's name;
e) name of a travel agency that is officially registered in the Registrant's name in Hungary;
f) an abbreviation derived from the denominations described in clauses c) - e): an acronym put together from initials, a word or words mostly indicating uniquity.
12.4 If someone would be entitled to a particular name according to present Rules, he/she may authorise a Registrant, who meets the requirements described in clauses 11.1.a)-c) of the Rules, to have the given name registered as a domain name for itself. The Registrant should submit a copy of the certificate on the competence of the original entitled and a copy of the authorisation.
12.5 Characters with accent marks in the name should be replaced with their equivalents without accent marks. Names consisting of more than one word may be used as domain names without spaces or divided by hyphens. (Practically chosen names are e.g. mol, magyar-hirlap, bpbank.)
12.6 Registrars or the registry organization will reject the application if they find that the registration of the given name for the Registrant would plainly interfere with the interests of other organizations (it is deceptive, unwarrantedly suggests exclusiveness). However, neither the Registrars nor the registry organization take the responsibility of recognising all such cases and rejecting all such applications.
12.7 The following names by themselves are reserved for special Registrants who have certified authorisation to be a non-competing representative of the particular field:
a) common names concerning basic fields of activity, by themselves (e.g. taxi - taxi, orvos - doctor, muzeum - museum, biztosito - insurance company) (primarily for public representative organizations, chambers etc.),
b) country names (primarily for embassies, state representations),
c) names of Hungarian settlements (primarily for local authorities),
d) special names.
Such names may be assigned only by individual decisions of the registry
Special rules of registration directly under the second-level public domains
13 Criteria concerning the Registrants
13.1 Any Hungarian or foreign natural person, legal entity or organization
without legal entity may be a Registrant.
14 Rules concerning the choice of names
14.1 The registry organization opens second-level public domains as needed. (Examples: co.hu, org.hu, info.hu, priv.hu, sport.hu, tm.hu.)
14.2 Registrants may apply for name(s) under any of the second-level public domains, however, it is recommended to take into consideration for what type of user groups were they created. Such are for example:
a) co.hu - for enterprises, companies, products and services
b) org.hu - for non-governmental organizations, civil groups
c) info.hu - for information services
d) priv.hu - for private persons
e) sport.hu - for organizations and information connected with sport
f) tm.hu - exclusively for trademarks
14.3 Special names may be assigned under a second-level public domain only by individual decisions of the registry organization, too.
14.4 Only trademarks registered by the Hungarian Patent Office for the
Registrant as entitled are allowed to be registered under tm.hu, as series
of characters (word, words). The name should be derived from the trademark
by copying it character by character, in lower case, without accent marks.
If two identical names were created this way by chance, the name should
be registered for the second Registrant by adding a hyphen and a numerical
suffix (e.g. name-2).
To apply for a public Internet domain
Below is the translation of the Application Form, only for your information. Registrars can only accept application forms written in Hungarian.
(The required fields are printed in bold. Please, apply for only one name in one form.)
New application, or modification of an earlier application? The reason of the modification:
Please indicate under which domain(s) do you apply for registration (only one per Application form):
[ ]other second-level public domain (please specify):_________________
Taxation number of the Registrant (or the official registration number):
Full name of the Registrant (in Hungarian):
Name of the organization in English:
Postal address of the Registrant:
Legal status of the Registrant:
Administrative contact person appointed by the Registrant
With the submission of the Registration form, I declare that
the use of the name (character combination) by me, to the best of my knowledge, does not infringe the rights of any third party, and in case I discover such an infringement, I will renounce the name or will apply for its modification,
I know the Registration Rules and accept the decision and regulation
of the registry organization.
Application form - Technical appendix
(It is suggested to consult with the Registrar before completing it.)
Technical contact person appointed by the Registrant
Name of the primary name server:
Its IP address:
Name of the secondary name server:
Its IP address:
Name of the Registrar: